Server Core

Windows Server Core

This feature is available on Windows Server System. It is a minimal installation option of Windows Server. If you run server core it limited the features and roles of the server system.

With this, you will get those essential network services, such as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Active Directory Domain Server (ADDS), File Service and Print Service. But it stripped away all other graphical user interfaces (GUI) features. ServerCore found in Standard or Datacenter edition of Windows Server.Windows Server Core

Windows Server Desktop Vs Windows Server Core

The time of windows server installation, you can choose between Server Roles. It’s helps to reduce the overall footprint of the server. But It is true that Windows Server Desktop still install many services that are often not needed for a particular usage.

That’s why server core comes in, it will not install any services or features that are not used for commonly used server role. For example, you can use Hyper-V without GUI (Graphical User Interface), Because you can manage Hyper-V from Windows PowerShell or remotely using the Hyper-V Manager.Windows Server Core

If you are the first time user of ServerCore, then you might be a little surprised, because you are not getting any of these services (mention below).

  • Microsoft-Windows-Server-Shell-Package
  • Microsoft-Windows-Server-Gui-Mgmt-Package
  • Microsoft-Windows-Server-Gui-RSAT-Package
  • Microsoft-Windows-Cortana-PAL-Desktop-Package

You can say by design there is No Desktop in Server Core system. Mainly it is designed for managing remotely through Command Line. To use traditional busyness role-based Applications, you have to use a command line such as PowerShell or Graphical User Interface Tool (RSAT, Windows Admin Center).

Here is some point about server core…

Server Core doesn’t have any accessibility tools.

Server Core has no OOBE for setting up.

Server Core Doesn’t support Audio.

Here I create a table that is showing which apps are available In Server Core and Server Desktop.

[Note: "not available" can be run remotely]

Application

Server Core

Server with Desktop Experience

Command prompt available available
Windows PowerShell/ Microsoft .NET available available
Perfmon.exe not available available
Windbg (GUI) supported supported
Resmon.exe not available available
Regedit available available
Fsutil.exe available available
Disksnapshot.exe not available available
Diskpart.exe available available
Diskmgmt.msc not available available
Devmgmt.msc not available available
Server Manager not available available
Mmc.exe not available available
Eventvwr not available available
Wevtutil (Event queries) available available
Services.msc not available available
Control Panel not available available
Windows Update (GUI) not available available
Windows Explorer not available available
Taskbar not available available
Taskbar notifications not available available
Taskmgr available available
Internet Explorer or Edge not available available
Built-in help system not available available
Windows 10 Shell not available available
Windows Media Player not available available
PowerShell available available
PowerShell ISE not available available
PowerShell IME available available
Mstsc.exe not available available
Remote Desktop Services available available
Hyper-V Manager not available available

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